Being a lawyer or a reporter increasingly means adopting the paranoid tactics of a drug dealer, a joint Human Rights Watch and American Civil Liberties Union report released Monday determined, with poisonous results for democracy at home and abroad. Journalists and attorneys have resorted to encrypted emails, face-to-face meetings and cash over credit to protect clients and sources. The end result has been a drying well of voices willing to tell the truth about what the government is doing in our name, a justice system compromised by attorneys' inability to speak freely with their clients, and "a terrible example" for countries such as India, Pakistan and Ethiopia. "The US holds itself out as a model of freedom and democracy, but its own surveillance programs are threatening the values it claims to represent," Alex Sinha, a fellow at the two groups, said in a statement. "The US should genuinely confront the fact that its massive surveillance programs are damaging many critically important rights."